A Framework of Participatory Digital Museum for Intangible Collection :Case Study on digital collecting methodology about Seoul Station

Hosan Kim, South Korea

The purpose of this study is to establish a framework of participatory digital museum for intangible collection. This study will be done as a basic plan to prepare a exhibition titled “Seoul Station:1947~2003(working title) at Culture Station Seoul 284(Korean National historic site No.284).

Throughout this study we will try to find more efficient way of constructing digital museum. Especially we hope to measure the effect of interaction in Museum among three elements of museum(space, collection, people).(Lord, 2012)

Until now how to manage ‘already possessed’ collection management have awaked museum’s interest in realization like CMS(Collection Management System) using some methodologies of framework like SPECTRUM and CIDOC CRM. And besides, there are another tryout to collect personal intangible story for digital museum using crowdsourcing.

To meet these changing and expectations, one of the most significant change is that museum professional have come to realize a need to shift from focusing on the user in the life of the museum to focusing on the museum in the life of the user.(Marty, 2007) Some previous studies like digital collection service using social tagging at GMOMA, KOREA(Chae&Kim, 2011), building digital history museum’s framework using crowdsourcing(Nam, 2012) were conducted.

However these previous research have to cope with some research’s limits. In case of tangible collection, some questions about the effectiveness of personal digital collection are rising over.(Marty, 2011). In time of intangible collection, as seen in the some precedents (Sturgeon’s law and Pareto’s law), Securing good and stable quality’s content is one of the important issue.

In this study, We have tried to make interaction between collection(including exhibition items) and people’s personal story for finding effective way of collecting intangible story.

Lately there are interesting approaches having similar aim with our research. Compare with the existing approaches like ‘Foto zoekt familie’ Project by Tropen Museum and ’Shelflife’ Project by Oxfam, ‘Touring exhibition’s items’ Project is a active way of collecting methodology and one of the most distinguished point.

We have focused long and diverse history of ‘outgoing Seoul Station’ between 1947 and 2003 and we will organize ‘items’ and let them tour among people who got a living story about Seoul Station.

There are several steps of touring for this project.

  1. Approximately 30 numbers of ‘Touring exhibition’s items’ like photos and train tickets are prepared by researcher and museum professionals. And we make website which contain basic information of items, some blank for people’s story&current location. Whether he(she) leave their message or not, people can track items and see other people’s story about items at website.
  2. A person will receive one of items unintentionally and will found some message requesting their living story about that items and Website Address that he(she) can write their story.
  3. A person leaving their message at Website will hand over ‘the item’ to the most suitable person in his(her) viewpoint. The receiver will repeat the second and the third step.
  4. We will collect twenty stories of each items and totally we and museum professional could use 600 stories to exhibition.